Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the
statement or answers the question.


1.

^{
Problem Solving
– RIT 221 – 230} 1. 2, 9, 7, 14, 12, ___, ___ What are the
missing numbers?
a.  8, 10  d.  3, 5  b.  5, 3  e.  17, 19  c.  5,
7 


2.

Yuko’s pen pal in England said her backyard was 50 meters wide.
In customary measurement that is about 150 _____.
a.  Feet  d.  Centimeters  b.  Yards  e.  Miles  c.  Inches 


3.

Use a proportion to solve. If four all weather tires cost $903.80, how much
would 1 tire cost?


4.

Write an equation you would use to solve the problem? On a winter day it was
–10F at 6:00 A.M. The temperature rose 25 during the day. What was the high
temperature?


5.

Which statement is true?


6.

Interest formula: I = prt Using the interest formula, how much interest is
charged on a 30 year, $100,000 house loan at 6%?
a.  $6,000  d.  $180,000  b.  $27,000  e.  $300,000  c.  $30,000 


7.

Estimate the solution to the following problem. The times for John’s
100m dash season are: 12.9, 13.2, 10.9, 13.5, 12.0, and 11.8. What is a good estimate of
John’s average time?
a.  18.9  d.  10.0  b.  15.0  e.  11.1  c.  12.5 


8.

A bag containing 100 M&M’s contains 23 red, 54 brown, 15 yellow, and
8 orange candies. What is the probability of getting a yellow M&M?
a.  23 100  d.  46 100  b.  3 20  e.  17 20  c. 
54 100 


9.

Problem Solving – RIT 231 –
240 Which letter in the word, “probabilities” would you expect a computer
to randomly pick most often?


10.

The elevator in the Empire State Building went up 3 floors, down 5 floors, up
2 floors, and then down 6 floors. If it ended on the 4th floor, on which floor did it
begin?
a.  13th floor  d.  10th floor  b.  15th floor  e.  2nd floor  c.  8th
floor 


11.

Solve for x. 4x + 1 = 2x – 7
a.  x = 4  d.  x = 3  b.  x = 6  e.  x = 3  c.  x =
4 


12.

Which expression correctly represents the formula to solve the
following problem? Lisa is 6 years older than Mary. The sum of their ages is 38 years. How old is
Mary?
a.  x + y = 38  d.  2x + 6 = 38  b.  x – 38 = x + 6  e.  x – 6 = 38  c.  L + M =
38 


13.

Interest formula: I = prt How much interest is earned in two years on $200 in
a bank account at an interest rate of 6%?
a.  $6  d.  $2.40  b.  $24  e.  $8  c.  $12 


14.

Find the missing number in this pattern: 3, 9, 27, ___, 243


15.

If the distance from Idaho Falls to Salt Lake City measures 25 inches on
a map with a scale of 1 inch = 10 miles, how many miles is it from Idaho Falls to Salt Lake
City?
a.  250 miles  d.  1,000 miles  b.  10 miles  e.  500 miles  c.  25
miles 


16.

If Jason mows fifteen lawns he will earn enough money to buy a
bicycle. Suppose Jason has mowed twelve lawns. What can you determine?
a.  Jason has enough money for his bike.  b.  Jason has enough money to buy a bike and a
helmet.  c.  Jason needs to mow one more lawn in order to buy a bike.  d.  Jason needs to mow
three more lawns in order to buy the bike.  e.  Jason needs to mow eight more lawns in order to
buy a bike. 


17.

A $30.00 pair of jeans is discounted 20%. If sales tax is 5%, what will
be the final price of the jeans?
a.  $25.20  d.  $28.35  b.  $22.80  e.  $22.80  c.  $24.00 


18.

Identify the correct equation for the solution: X = 5
a.  3x + 4 = 19  d.  x + 17 = 10  b.  2y = 4  e.  x + 7 = x – 9  c.  3 – x =
10 


19.

A store has a sale in which all items are on sale for 20% off. The tax at the
store is 5%. Which expression models the cost (c) for an item with the original price (p)?
a.  c = [p – (.20)p] [1.05]  d.  c = [p – 20p]
(.05)  b.  c = (.20) (1.05)p  e.  c = [p – 20p] 5  c.  c = [p + (.20)p]
[1.05] 


20.

Kali chooses her clothing using the tree diagram above.
How many possible choices for clothing does she have?
