Name:    5th Grade Math- Use the following properties as they relate to addition and multiplication practice test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.

Which property is demonstrated by this formula:  a + b = b + a
 a. commutative c. distributive b. associative

2.

In the commutative property of addition, which equation finishes: 9 + 7
 a. 16 - 9 c. 9 - 7 b. 16 -7 d. 7 + 9

3.

Which number property is described in this formula: ab = ba
 a. commutative c. associative b. distributive

4.

Which equation below finishes the commutative property :  3 x 7 =
 a. 21 ÷ 7 c. 7 + 3 b. 7 x 3 d. 21 ÷ 3

5.

Which formula below DOES NOT finish this commutative property equation: 6 x2 x a =
 a. 2 x a x 6 c. a x 6 x 2 b. 12a d. 2 x 6 x a

6.

Which equation below finishes the distributive property for:  9(2 +8) =
 a. 9 x 2 + 9 x 8 c. 9 x 10 b. 10 x 9 d. 9 x (8 - 2)

7.

Which equation below comes before the equation    = 4 x 3 + 4 x 5     using the distributive property?
 a. 4 x 3 + 5 c. 4 x 5 + 3 b. 4 x 3 - 5 d. 4(3 + 5)

8.

Which equation below shows the associative property for: 2 + (4 + 5)
 a. (2 + 4)5 c. (2 + 4) + 5 b. 5 + 4 + 2 d. 2(4 + 5)

9.

Which equation below shows the associative property for: 3(3 x 4)
 a. (3 x 3)4 c. (3 x 4)3 b. 3 x 3 x 4 d. 3 + 3 + 4

10.

Which equation below starts with this associative property: = a(bc)
 a. a x b x c c. a + b + c b. (ab)c d. a(b + c)